• Stack Tilley posted an update 3 weeks, 1 day ago

    Since 2015 US election and 2016 Brexit referendum upsets, foreign impact on democratic elections has become a hot topic. On John Oliver’s Last Week Tonight, a segment explained the tranquility of tampering with voting machines which inspired me to write this post. Before I get into how basic and inexpensive it really is to propagate disinformation on the web, I’d like provide some background on why and the way more nations will probably be entering digital warfare space in the future.

    Foundations of Geopolitics, a novel drafted by the International Department of the Russian Ministry of Defence back 1997, led the way as a philosophical instructions manual for dismantling and dethroning enemies and super-powers alike, using the ultimate objective of “Finlandization” like Europe. As outlined by Wikipedia’s summary for the strategy:

    “Military operations play relatively little role. The textbook advocates a complicated program of subversion, destabilization, and disinformation spearheaded through the Russia special services.”

    Through the 2015 US election along with a meagre monthly budget of just $1.25M (estimated $15M a year), Russia’s Internet Research Agency was able to provide you with the US election towards the Republican Party. When it comes to return-on-investment (ROI), Russia spends $36M per Mi-35 helicopter. It’s no surprise then, that as Russia gains more territory and influence, its actual military spending is decreasing.

    Military power is clearly a really costly ongoing expense where destabilization is relatively cheap and plentiful. But how exactly are these claims done?

    Tactic 1: Get the Fractures Then Divide & Conquer

    While using demonstration of the usa, this fracturing tactic was exquisitely executed by fuelling instability and actively supporting all dissident groups simultaneously to inflame tensions and divide communities. Enemies of the USA happen to be fanning the flames of white nationalism, gun rights groups, stoking anti-immigration sentiment and the vilification of refugees and Muslims are already most visible. Yet this only scratches the top.

    But more subtle and vicious domestic attacks will be in support of fringe and other right-wing religious groups attacking women’s reproductive rights, gay marriage equality, homelessness and mental health.

    We are seeing generational divisiveness growing between Baby Boomers and Millennials. There’s a growing demonization of environmental stewardship (see baseless attacks as well as other trolling of Greta Thunberg) and attacks on democratically-held values generally speaking.

    Long-term, inter-generational damage in the exploitation of such existing divides is viewed from the gutting of the usa education system, diminishing usage of healthcare for all those, ballooning deficits that future generations will be saddled down by a few of the long-term consequences to get gone through by this surprisingly inexpensive destabilization warfare technique.

    What were once cracks in a overarching national unity are becoming red line fractures in the artificially created, cold civil war. The majority are now asking the fact that was carried out to exploit these existing social divides?

    Tactic 2: Leverage the digital age intersection between behavioural economics, social media loopholes and the relative simplicity of internet search engine exploitation

    Like a digital strategist and internet based marketer I’ve observed that lots of the tactics accessible to civilians were modified being weaponized against competing nations. Boosting social networking reach on divisive posts and influencers gave fringe groups a false sense they held popular yet controversial views.

    Social websites has many loopholes which I often share to my online marketer followings so they can get more bang because of their buck with clients. It’s important to remember social networking platforms’ #1 goal is usually to help you stay around the platform so long as possible for them to make ad revenue. This is done by showing you content they believe could keep your self on a small bit longer. They are all literally designed at some level being addictive to all of us.

    I discuss inside my marketing content various exploitation opportunties that trick these social platforms into thinking your site content is viral by fooling the algorithm they count on to distribute to users.

    As an example, with lower than $100 I’m able to buy 10,000 twitter followers, automatically getting 1,000 retweets and favourites on 10 posts. For $100 of paid ads on twitter, you barely get any results. That’s because Twitter under-reports bot activity to be able to convince its shareholders that site engagement is increasing. It’s not merely Twitter – Facebook, Instagram, Youtube (Google), Snapchat and even Linkedin all have precisely the same fundamental vulnerability. It may be a breeze to provide false social proof to almost anything.

    Humans are hardwired with cognitive biases that are easily and often exploited by social media platforms and look engines to generate us feel that the situation is more (or fewer) popular compared to they really are. Increasingly we appear to be getting stuck within our own social echo chambers and believe many people see things exactly like us.

    There have been legitimate grievances throughout the US economy like job losses from globalization and artificial intelligence causing increased economic inequality. But Us residents were manipulated and sentiment hijacked by populist narratives for being the victim from the government, elites, experts, Democrats, Mexicans, Muslims, and foreign allies.

    Tactic 3: Erode Trust & Global Alliances

    What’s worse, not simply was the goal achieved to destabilize america by facilitating the turning of your nation on itself, but also have its internal damage bleed Anti-Americanism into US-global relations. The surprise betrayal in the American-Kurd alliance will have lasting consequences on American credibility, leaving American soldiers and civilians more vulnerable than previously.

    France, the the oldest international ally of america, has become questioning just how much it can depend upon the united states as soon as the abrupt pulling people forces from Northern Syria with no consultations from NATO partners. As stated by the BBC,

    “Russia, which sees Nato as being a threat to its security, welcomes france president’s comments as “truthful words.””

    It’s tough to say when exactly this second Cold War started, one thing is for sure: we’re woefully willing to defend ourselves from disinformation and still have learned in order to avoid difficult political conversations.

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